The FBI opened its file on Malcolm X shortly after his release from a Boston prison in March 1953. Twelve years later — on February 21, 1965 — he was assassinated in a hail of bullets. Yet his fascinating story survived his violent death — and a vital part of that story is found here in Malcolm X: The FBI File. This extraordinary work distills the voluminous file kept on the most controversial and charismatic civil rights leader, which ran to more than thirty-six hundred pages. Accompanied by the incisive commentaries of Clayborne Carson, a leading scholar of the American Civil Rights movement, this is a fascinating biographical and historical document, one that sheds light on both Malcolm X and the government compelled to monitor him.