Book Description: Margaret Thatcher was Britain's first woman prime minister and the longest serving head of government in the 20th century (1979-90). She was also the only one to be removed from office in peacetime by pressure from within her own party. Her victory in the general election of 1979 began an era that became stamped with her name. Thatcherism and Thatcherite became part of the language, referring to her own brand of aggressive conviction politics which rejected the broad consensus (characteristic of British attitudes since World War II), promoting instead the free play of market forces and dismantling the restrictive practices of the trade unions. She was rescued from early unpopularity by her determined handling of the Falklands War in 1982. Two years later her response to the miners strike (1984-5) gave another boost to her reputation for toughness, earning her the title The Iron Lady .