This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1919. Excerpt: ... HARVARD LAW REVIEW VOL. XXXII JANUARY, 1919 NO. 3 A NEW PROVINCE FOR LAW AND ORDER II T TNDER this name there appeared in this Review in November, v- 1915, an article written by me at the instance of the editor. It gives in a summary form the results of my experience as President of the Australian Court of Conciliation and Arbitration. As the article seems to have attracted some attention in America, and also in Great Britain and Australia, it may not be amiss to report progress after three more years; especially now that a national labour administration has been created in the United States in the charge of my friend, Professor Frankfurter. This Court has not to deal with mere theories. It does not work in the air--in the cloud-cuckoo town of Aristophanes. As I said in 1015, the Court "has to shape its conclusions on the solid anvil of existing industrial facts, in the fulfilment of definite official responsibilities. It has the advantage as well as the disadvantage of being limited in its powers and its objects." I propose to make this article supplementary to the former. But, for the benefit of those who have not read the other, I may say that the new province to be rescued from anarchy is that of industrial matters. A court has been constituted under the Australian federal constitution by virtue of a power to make laws with respect to "conciliation and arbitration for the prevention and settlement of industrial disputes extending beyond the limits of any one State." Each of the six states of Australia has tribunals, wages boards or courts, for industrial matters; but this Court was created for disputes which pass beyond the boundaries of any one state, disputes which cannot be effectually dealt with by state laws. In recent years there have been propo...