This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1901 edition. Excerpt: ...the areas considered. We take G = 16 R = 80. Reducing these losses to percentages we have 16' (r =....=14 per cent, llo 1 m-" » And from I. the leakage through the zinc _ plate and iron base...) Hence the two gaps account for.. 2'8 „ The zinc plate and iron base account for. 103 And the area between the limbs.. 70 „ Making a total loss accounted for.. 201 „ Out of an observed loss of 24 24 „ The leakage through the shaft and from pole-piece to yoke, and one pole-piece to the other by exterior lines, will account for the remainder. Effect Of The Current In The Armature. The currents in the fixed coils around the magnets are not the only magnetising forces applied in a dynamo machine; the currents in the moving coils of the armature have also their effect on the resultant field. There are in general two independent variables in a dynamo machine, the current around the magnets and the current in the armature, and the relation of E.M.F. to currents is fully represented by a surface. In well-constructed machines the effect of the latter is reduced to a minimum, but it can be by no means neglected. When a section of the armature coils is commutated it must inevitably be momentarily short-circuited, and if at the time of commutation the field in which the section is moving is other than feeble, a considerable current will arise in that section, accompanied by waste of power and destructive sparking. It may be well at once to give an idea of the possible magnitude of such effects. In the machine already described the mean E.m.f. in a section of the armature at a certain speed may be taken as 6 volts, its resistance 0 000995 ohm. Setting aside, then, for the moment questions of self-induction, if a section were commutated...