This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1900 edition. Excerpt: ...of Monotony. If, on the other hand, the Writer or Speaker is perpetually changing his Rhythm, and the length of his Sentences and Paragraphs, unnecessarily, then he will be going to the other extreme of needless Variety. Here, as elsewhere, the 'mean' must needs depend on a number of conditions, such as the subject, the Writer or Speaker, the Aim, and the audience. To change words unnecessarily is a great mistake. On the other hand, Tautology is to be avoided. In the two sentences which I have just written, the reader would do well to decide for himself whether I ought to have changed the words as I did, or not. In the sentence from Froebel, on p. 325, the change is certainly unnecessary. Want of connexion, either between one Paragraph and another, or between one Sentence and another, or between the various Words in a Sentence, is to be avoided. Can there be at the other extreme too close a connexion within an Essay? It is quite possible that occasionally a break and a fresh departure are necessary, in order to relieve the attention; and a popular audience (see p. 212) often needs an (apparent) absence of connexions. As to Comparisons and Contrasts, the commonest Fault is to use too few. Sometimes there are none at all, and sometimes those of the wrong kind are chosen. On the other hand, it would be a mistake to have too many Comparisons and Contrasts, especially where the sense would be clear without them, and where the Idea is not to be emphasised. Repetition, in the same way, is not to be avoided altogether and is not bad altogether, especially where Clearness or Emphasis are helped by it, but otherwise mere Repetition for the sake of filling up, i.e. Repetition which does not help Clearness or proper Emphasis, is an equally bad fault. As to...