Subjugation of Demons (Ping Yao Zhuan) is a famous Chinese classical fiction. Though with the historical nucleus of the short-lived rebellion of Wang Ze in the Song Dynasty in 1047, which only lasted sixty-six days, it is far more concerned with Taoist magic and sorcery than with history. So Lu Hsun acknowledges it as one of the earliest vernacular novels of the subject about mythology in China (A Brief History of Chinese Fiction, Translated by Yang Hsienyi and Gladys Yang (Dai Naidie) Foreign Language Press, Peking, 1976, P188).
Its original version of twenty-chapter was written in the fourteenth century, generally attributed to Luo Guanzhong (ca. 1330-1400). Luo was a novelist and dramatist, who played an important role in the development of Chinese popular fiction. His other two great works: "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms," and "Outlaws of the Marsh" (the latter with co-authorship of Shi Nan'an) are translated into English in various editions and other languages. This translation of Subjugation of Demons is based on Feng Menglong's forty-chapter expanded edition, The New Version of Subjugation of Demons, which earliest extant edition was published in 1620, the first year of the Great Prosperous (Taichang) Reign of Ming. Feng (1574-1646) is praised as the personification of popular Chinese literature (The Indiana Companion to Traditional Chinese Literature, Edited and compiled by William H. Nienhauser, Jr. Indiana of University Press, Bloomington, 1986, P380). His three collections of short stories: Illustrious Words to Instruct the World, Comprehensive Words to Admonish the World, Lasting Words to Awaken the World, containing 120 stories in total, have a strong influence in China and in the Western as well.