Environmental concerns are stimulating an increased interest in electric vehicles. Governments and car industries have launched new programs to accelerate technology progress. This study presents an overview of the current status of electric car and truck developments in IEA Member countries. The study examines prospects for technology advances in such areas as battery and vehicle performance and electric recharging systems. The study suggests that international collaboration can play a key role in sharing R&D resources, defining technical standards, and preparing for the entry of electric vehicles into the marketplace.