This Eighth Edition of a classic text presents the most recent information in the technology of manufacturing. It describes the processes whereby materials are converted into products, without losing sight of the economics involved. Manufacturing systems and manufacturing integration are developed. New topics include recent progress in numerical control, electronic fabrication, robotics, group technology, plant layout, conveyors, vision sensing, and safety. There is an expanded discussion of quality control and an entire chapter on operations planning and cost estimating. Includes career guidance and contains many problems and case studies.