This text covers the spectrum of conditions, disabilities, syndromes and other types of developmental differences that teachers and caregivers may encounter in children from infancy through age eight. For each disability or condition, a very concise definition is presented in straightforward language. Following the definition is a wealth of information in an easy-to-follow column format. The first column details observable behaviors, symptoms, and physical characteristics associated with the condition; the second presents a list of alternative conditions, behaviors and symptoms which may be similar but indicate a different root cause; and, the third column is dedicated to recommendations about how to work with a child who fits the profile of this disability or condition. Particular emphasis is placed on finding effective ways to include the children with special needs in the group. Suggested Web sites at the end of each section offer further opportunity for research.