This volume in the New Encyclopedia of Science examines the exciting world of chemistry and the many ways our world is shaped by chemical discoveries and processes. It begins with an explanation of the chemical elements and how they bond to form molecules, compounds, and mixtures. The author then explains the fundamentals of chemical reactions, exploring such phenomena as combustion, electrochemistry, and industrial processes. A chapter on organic chemistry details the structure of nature's most common building blocks. Other chapters explain the fabulous the world of synthetic materials, including advances in recycling technology. A chapter on biochemistry looks at human metabolism, the chemistry of food, how drugs work, and medical testing. The book concludes with informative sections on pigments, paints, dyes, pollution, and basic analytical techniques. This is a wonderful excursion into a fascinating realm that serves to explain the source and functioning of many everyday processes and materials. The entries are supported by a variety of unique reference tools that enhance the overall utility and value of the work. With a separate section providing explanations of key terms and concepts, a detailed factfile for vital information, time charts that outline the development of modern chemistry, and a thorough system of cross-referencing, this encyclopedia represents a uniquely rich and accessible resource.