The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is an agency of the United States government. It is part of the United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons. NIC provides support programs to assist federal, state, and local corrections agencies. Additionally the NIC provides funds to support programs that are in line with its key initiatives. The NIC was created by the United States Congress in 1974 on the recommendation of the National Conference on Corrections. The National Institute of Corrections publish many documents with a variety of topics such as: Workload Measures for Probation and Parole, Prison Hostage Situations, National Study of Jail Suicides, and many more. This is one of those publications.