The papers that make up this book are all derived form the First International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive ergonomics. The papers are generally concerned with human factors in job design and product design. The design of jobs and learning and training focus mainly on medical ergonomics, as it is one of the most rapidly growing areas of ergonomics. The section dealing with applied cognitive pyschology focuses on basic human capabilities rather than user interfaces or operator training. A sound understanding of the manners in which human beings operate are the building blocks upon which sound engineering decisions are based. In the product design and evaluation section, the emphasis is placed firmly on the equipment rather than the human being. The key point is that not only is the job fitted to the person, but the person must also be fitted to the job, this is not an either/or principle.