This Second Edition is designed to be the most comprehensive reference to the history of Mozambique from the earliest times to the present. As such, it addresses and analyzes the most relevant issues, personalities, and challenges the country has faced prior to colonialism, as a Portuguese colony from 1498 to 1975, and after achieving its independence in June 1975. The book fills a major gap in the literature of the continent given that Lusophone Africa has always received less attention from the scholarly in particular and the international community in general. For the informed, the volume serves as a quick chronological reference, for the novice it is an enriched source of both academic and non-academic information that cannot be found in any book published on Mozambique so far. Topics include:*Politics*Society*Culture*Religion*Science*Economics*Important personalities and leaders*Civil societyThe work also contains a chronological overview, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, important statistics, and an extensive bibliography in English, Portuguese, French, and other languages. This expanded edition is replete with more in-depth coverage, 50 new entries, and an updated bibliography that cites the most recent publications on Mozambique.