In 1829 David Walker, a free black born in Wilmington, North Carolina, wrote one of Americaâ€™s most provocative political documents of the nineteenth century, Walkerâ€™s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World. Decrying the savage and unchristian treatment blacks suffered in the United States, Walker challenged his â€śafflicted and slumbering brethrenâ€ť to rise up and cast off their chains. Walker worked tirelessly to circulate his book via underground networks in the South, and he was so successful that Southern lawmakers responded with new laws cracking down on â€śincendiaryâ€ť antislavery material. Although Walker died in 1830, the Appeal remained a rallying point for African Americans for many years to come, anticipating the radicalism of later black leaders, from Malcolm X to Martin Luther King, Jr. In this new edition of the Appeal, the first in over thirty years, Peter P. Hinks, the leading authority on David Walker, provides a masterly introduction and extensive annotations that incorporate the most up-to-date research on Walker, much of it first reported by Hinks in his highly acclaimed biography, To Awaken My Afflicted Brethren. Hinks also includes a unique appendix of documents showing the contemporary responseâ€”from North and South, black and whiteâ€”to the Appeal itself and Walkerâ€™s attempts to distribute it in the South. Historians and political activists have long recognized the importance of Walkerâ€™s Appeal. At last we have an edition worthy of its persuasive immediacy and its enduring place in American history.