Over the course of the nationâ€™s history, the Constitution has been turned upside-down, Michael Greve argues in this provocative book. The Constitutionâ€™s vision of a federalism in which local, state, and federal government compete to satisfy the preferences of individuals has given way to a cooperative, cartelized federalism that enables interest groups to leverage power at every level for their own benefit. Greve traces this inversion from the Constitutionâ€™s founding through today, dispelling much received wisdom along the way. The Upside-Down Constitution shows how federalismâ€™s transformation was a response to statesâ€™ demands, not an imposition on them. From the nineteenth-century judicial elaboration of a competitive federal order, to the New Deal transformation, to the contemporary Supreme Courtâ€™s impoverished understanding of constitutional structure, and the â€śdevolutionâ€ť in vogue today, Greve describes a trend that will lead to more government and fiscal profligacy, not less. Taking aim at both the progressive heirs of the New Deal and the vocal originalists of our own time, The Upside-Down Constitution explains why the current fiscal crisis will soon compel a fundamental renegotiation of a new federalism grounded in constitutional principles.