A Best Book of the Year: Mother Jones,Â Bloomberg News,Â National Post,Â Kirkus ReviewsÂ A consideration of all things paperâ€”its invention that revolutionized human civilization; its thousand-fold uses (and misuses), proliferation, and sweeping influence on society; its makers, shapers, collectors, and pulpersâ€”written by the admired cultural historian and author of the trilogy on all things book-related: A Gentle Madness; Patience and Fortitude (â€śHow could any intelligent, literate person not just love this book?â€ťâ€”Simon Winchester); and A Splendor of Letters (â€śElegant, wry, and humaneâ€ťâ€”AndrĂ© Bernard, New York Observer). Nicholas Basbanes writes about paper, from its invention in China two thousand years ago to its ideal means, recording the thoughts of Islamic scholars and mathematicians that made the Middle East a center of intellectual energy; from Europe, by way of Spain in the twelfth century and Italy in the thirteenth at the time of the Renaissance, to North America and the rest of the inhabited world. Basbanes writes about the ways in which paper has been used to record history, make laws, conduct business, and establish identities . . . He makes clear that without paper, modern hygienic practice would be unimaginable; that as currency, people will do almost anything to possess it . . . that the Industrial Revolution would never have happened without paper on which to draw designs and blueprints. We see paperâ€™s crucial role in the unfolding of historical events, political scandals, and sensational trials: how the American Revolution which took shape with the Battle of Lexington and Concord, began with the Stamp Act of 1765 . . . the Dreyfus Affair and the forged memorandum known as â€śthe bordereauâ€ť . . . Americaâ€™s entry into World War I with the Zimmerman Telegram . . . the Alger Hiss spy case and Whittaker Chambersâ€™s testimony involving the notorious Pumpkin Papers . . . Daniel Ellsberg's release of the Pentagon Papers in 1971 and the scandal of Watergate. Basbanes writes of his travels to get to the source of the storyâ€”to China, along the Burma Road, and to Japan, whose handmade paper, washi, is as much an expression of the human spirit as it is of craftsmanship . . . to Landover, Maryland, home of the National Security Agency and its one hundred million ultra secret documents, pulped by cryptologists and sent to be recycled as pizza boxes and egg cartons . . . to the Crane Paper mill of Dalton, Massachusetts, a seventh-generation family-owned enterprise, the exclusive supplier of paper for American currency since 1879 . . . and to the Kimberly-Clark mill in New Milford, Connecticut, manufacturer daily of one million boxes of Kleenex tissue and as many rolls of Scott kitchen towels.Entertaining, illuminating, irresistible, a book that masterfully guides us through paperâ€™s inseparability from human culture . . .
History, Ancient, Early Civilization,