This book tells of those Pacific islands which now form the Republic of Kiribati in Micronesia, the huge archipelago covering approximately half of the Central Pacific Ocean. During the Second World War, Kiribati was part of the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. Setting the history within its larger political, social and military context, this publication documents the many dimensions of the war as it affected Kiribati. From the arrival of German descendants, fleeing from a harsh Japanese rule in Micronesia between the wars, it moves on to the early days of the war, coast watching and German raiders. Focusing particularly on the perspectives of the indigenous peoples, it recounts experiences of the significant Battle of Tarawa, along with the lengthy periods of Japanese and US occupations and their aftermath. This history of a time and place is also a story of the people involved, the indigenous I Kiribati, Tuvaluans, German Marshallese, New Zealanders, British, Chinese, Americans and Japanese.