Simone Weil, a brilliant young teacher, philosopher, and social activist, wrote the essay, The â€˜Iliadâ€™ or the Poem of Force at France at the beginning of World War II. Her profound meditation on the nature of violence provides a remarkably vivid and accessible testament of the Greek epicâ€™s continuing relevance to our lives. This celebrated work appears here for the first time in a bilingual version, based on the text of the authoritative edition of the authorâ€™s complete writings. An introduction discusses the significance of the essay both in the evolution of Weilâ€™s thought and as a distinctively iconoclastic contribution to Homeric studies. The commentary draws on recent interpretations of the Iliad and examines the parallels between Weilâ€™s vision of Homerâ€™s warriors and the experiences of modern soldiers.