Joyce wrote the first draft of a work he called "Stephen Hero" between 1901 and 1906, but was dissatisfied and later rewrote and developed it. He partially destroyed this version in a fit of rage when it was turned down by a publisher, and again rewrote the work in the form in which it was finally published in 1916 as "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man." "By far the most living and convincing picture that exists of an Irish Catholic upbringing. The technique is startling...A most memorable novel." -- H.G. Wells. "So profound and beautiful and convincing a book is part of the lasting literature of our age...In it is the promise of that new literature, new both in form and content, that will be the classics of tomorrow." -- Herbert Gorman.