Exploring the professional roles of health promoter, teacher-learner, leader-manager, research consumer, advocate, colleague, and collaborator, as identified by the ANA Standards of Professional Performance, Professional Nursing Practice: Concepts and Perspectives, 4th Ed. details the historical, theoretical, ethical, and legal foundations of professional nursing. Current and comprehensive, it provides a complete discussion of the changing health care system especially as it relates to health care economics, nursing in a culture of violence, and nursing in a culturally and spiritually diverse world. Additional features include: *New--Chapters on Returning to School after practicing in the field, Nursing Informatics, and the History of Nursing *New--Nurse Connect Logo that refers the reader to the Companion Website. *Consider (critical thinking) questions -- applying content to real-world experiences. *Book Shelf -- Reading suggestions for contemporary and classic literature. *Research Boxes -- presents research from all around the world -- encourage awareness of evidence based practice and outcomes. *Challenges and Opportunities section at the beginning of each chapter.New -- Online Course Management Systems -- Ask your Prentice Hall Representative or go to www. prenhall.com/demo for more information about the Black Board, Course Compass, and WebCT courses that accompany Professional Nursing Practice, 4th Ed.