Sparks and Taylor's Nursing Diagnosis Reference Manual, Seventh Edition offers clearly written, authoritative care plans for every NANDA-approved nursing diagnosis, to meet the needs of patients across the lifespan. This edition is thoroughly updated and includes fourteen new NANDA diagnoses. Care plans are organized by life stage—adult, adolescent, child, maternal-neonatal, and geriatric—as well as by type of care, such as community-based health care and psychiatric/mental health care. The nursing process is integrated throughout. Each NANDA diagnosis includes associated Nursing Interventions Classifications (NIC) and Nursing Outcomes Classifications (NOC). Appendices include Gordon's functional health patterns, a list of selected nursing diagnoses by medical diagnosis, and NANDA International.