This book presents examples of active learning from eight countries. Teachers realize that they must prepare students for independent and continuous learning in the emerging information society. In their classrooms, students individually or in groups exercise a relatively high degree of initiative and control over their own learning. This is an old idea, but many people doubt its validity. However, a growing body of research indicates that active learning can be effective if properly structured. Many teachers are increasingly interested in trying it. Through the lessons they create, and through their personal example, the innovating teachers described in this book are preparing students for their own lifetime of learning. Analytical chapters explore the role of metacognition, the relationship between individual and group, and the importance of structure.