This dictionary is the very first to cover the whole span of geopolitics from 1870 to the present. The editor and the contributors, noted specialists, clarify what lies behind the theories and the widespread use and misuse of geopolitical doctrines. The 219 entries are fairly lengthy essays about the major schools, doctrines, strategies, people, controversies, and policies of geopolitics in the main countries practicing geopolitics. These experts provide a complete picture of how geographic thinking has influenced statecraft and world politics. The entries are cross-referenced and accompanied by over 660 bibliographical citations. Academic and professional geographers and political scientists will find this volume invaluable.