The field of paleoanthropology has undergone tremendous change and growth since the 1970s. This book is a synthesis of the many areas of research in this field, examining all aspects of the fossil record - paleoecological, morphological and archaeological - to throw light on the process of human evolution from our primate ancestors to modern humans. Each chapter begins with an outline of the material that will be discussed, and an introductory section which presents an important issue to be investigated within the chapter. In-text highlighted boxes summarize text material for quick reference or to explore a particular issue in more detail. The text is copiously illustrated with photographs, graphs and line drawings.