Patriots and Traitors helps define the nature of important intersections between culture and politics in postwar Japan. A new shift in consciousness during the 1950s and after can be observed in the sustained public response to various events surrounding the Sorge/Ozaki affair, one of the most celebrated spy cases of the period. Ozaki Hosumi, a prominent Japanese intellectual during the 1930s, was an astute writer on China, a reporter for the Asahi newspapers, and, eventually, a highly placed government adviser. In his attempt to fight fascism in prewar Japan, he began to collaborate with the Soviet Union through his associations with the Soviet spy Richard Sorge, justifying this clandestine activity as the only means he could find to combat those forces of domestic repression he felt were ultimately to destroy his own country. The case remains a cultural phenomenon and reveals some of the strategies undertaken by the educated public to discover ways in which to deal with important and disturbing issues in their collective past.