This volume describes the changing realities determining the need and resources for long-term care in ten developing countries. Considered together, these case-studies provide examples to illustrate many of the lessons learned, key policy issues confronted, and current and future needs discussed in other volumes in this series. Represented in this first of two volumes are case-studies of China, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Ukraine. Each has been prepared by health systems/LTC experts from that country, in collaboration with the World Health Organization and its Collaborating Centre for Health and Long-Term Care Policy and Research, the JDC-Brookdale Institute. This book is part of the World Health Organization’s Initiative on Long-Term Care led by the JDC-Brookdale WHO Collaborating Centre for Health & Long-term Care Policy and Research.