The definitive reference on the art and science of archaeology. The World Encyclopedia of Archaeology is a sweeping exploration of archaeology that spans the globe from the beginning of recorded history and earlier. Here is a comprehensive view of the past as seen through the remnants of civilizations as they emerge and expand. The book begins by defining modern and ancient archaeology and gives the history of archaeology through the centuries. The different types of archaeology are explored, along with the techniques used for each and the problems, concerns and issues archaeologists face today. The main section of the book details each region of the world, with the authoritative text revealing the fascinating history of important archaeological sites. This global perspective includes more than 700 illustrations. The atlas section with detailed maps provides placements throughout history. Accurate, in-depth and up to date, The World Encyclopedia of Archaeology is compelling reading. It serves as an outstanding reference for professionals, researchers, history buffs and general readers. The World Encyclopedia of Archaeology includes: The first humans Early hunter-gatherers and farmers Megalithic builders The Bronze Age The Greeks and Romans The Dark Ages Ancient Mesopotamia The Persian Empire Nomadic states The Indus civilization China's dynasties and empires Japan and Southeast Asian kingdoms Early Mesoamericans The Maya, Aztec and Inca Ancient Egypt and the Upper Nile Iron Age Africa Australian Aborigines. Highlights: Compiled and written by an international team of archaeologists and historians Reveals the most up-to-date findings and their significance Organized geographically by region and key sites Uncovers the world's most important sites and treasures Spans all periods of human settlement Locator guide to sites by country List of World Heritage Sites 18 special features focus on intriguing topics Further readings and a glossary More than 700 color illustrations Attractive maps that show locations of key sites.