Whitten outlines what Christians need to know about proper relations between religion, Christian or otherwise, and government. Far from being a "myth" or a "lie," church-state separation is a constitutional principle and philosophy that is enshrined within the First Amendment. Written in an accessible, popular style, The Myth of Christian America provides sound scholarship in defense of the exposition of constitutional church-state separation. Whitten argues against the popular, but ill-founded thesis that America was constitutionally and institutionally founded to be a "Christian nation." He argues for a robust, yet properly advanced constitutional separation of church and state and full religious liberty for all. The "wall of separation" metaphor expresses an important truth and ideal. However, it is not always helpful in considering specific cases of church-state relations. Civility and wisdom are required for often complex and controversial issues of the relations between religion and government, church and state.