Todayâ€™s dispute over the line between church and state (or the lack thereof) is neither the first nor the fiercest in our history. In a powerful retelling of the birth of the American body politic, religious historian Forrest Church describes our first great culture warâ€”a tumultuous yet nearly forgotten conflict that raged from George Washingtonâ€™s presidency to James Monroeâ€™s. On one side of the battle, the proponents of orderâ€”Federalists, Congregationalists, New Englandersâ€”believed that the only legitimate ruler of men is God. On the other side, the defenders of libertyâ€”republicans, Baptists, Virginiansâ€”cheered the Enlightenment and the French Revolution, and believed that only the separation of church and state would preserve manâ€™s freedom. Would we be a nation under God, or with liberty for all? In this vigorous history, Forrest Church offers a new vision of our earliest presidentsâ€™ beliefs, reshaping assumptions about the debates that still reverberate across our land.