After the deciphering of the human genome and the genomes of many other organisms, the investigation of the function of gene products and their orchestral interplay is now one of the most important challenges in the life sciences. In "Nucleic Acid and Peptide Aptamers: Methods and Protocols", expert researchers contribute state-of-the-art methods focused on these two vital molecule types which are so often employed for in vitro selection procedures. Divided conveniently into two distinct parts beginning with nucleic acid aptamers and ending with peptide aptamers, the volume provides methodologies for the isolation, characterization, and application of both types. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology™ series format, all chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and Notes sections, which highlight tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and easy to use, "Nucleic Acid and Peptide Aptamers: Methods and Protocols" will provide researchers with an inspiring and helpful guide to the application of these compounds to their own distinct research issues.