This book, edited by two innovative leaders in the field, focuses on the new discipline of translational medicine as it pertains to drug development within the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry. Translational medicine seeks to translate biological and molecular knowledge of disease and how drugs work into innovative development strategies that reduce the cost and increase the speed of delivering new medicines for patients. This book outlines general strategies, biomarker development, imaging tools, translational human models, and examples of their application to real drug development. The latest thinking is presented by researchers from many of the world's leading drug development companies, including Pfizer, Merck, Eli Lilly, Abbott, and Novartis, as well as academic institutions and public-private partnerships that support translational research. This book is essential for anyone interested in translational medicine from a variety of backgrounds: university institutes, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies, and drug development researchers and decision-makers.