This handbook examines the science and business of kaolin mining and production in the southeastern United States. It provides an in-depth look at the many disciplines involved in kaolin production, including geology, mining, mineralogy, geochemistry, and microbiology. It summarizes available data on the geology of Georgia kaolin and presents a regional stratigraphic framework as an aid to future mineral exploration. An overview is presented on the types and grades of kaolin, their mineralogy, and how these qualities relate to various commercial applications and reviews the processing techniques most commonly employed to remove impurities. An indispensable reference for geologists, mining engineers, processing plant operators, or anyone involved in the exploration, mining, or production of commercial-grade kaolin.