Did you know . . . Doctors in ancient Peru performed brain surgery? Ancient Greek doctors ran medical schools? The ancient Indians knew how to protect people from smallpox? Medical technology is as old as human society itself. The first humans on Earth used simple healing techniques. They developed ways to set broken bones. They learned which plants were good for treating colds, headaches, and stomachaches. Over the centuries, ancient peoples learned more about medicine. The ancient Indians performed plastic surgery. The ancient Romans operated on people's eyes. People in many ancient cultures wrote medical textbooks. What kinds of tools and techniques did ancient doctors use? Which of their remedies worked and which ones didn't? And how did ancient medicine set the stage for our own modern medical technology? Learn more in Ancient Medical Technology.